The Electronics & Communication Engineering involves the transmission of information across channels such as a coax cable, optical fiber or free space. You can work on designing equipment such as routers, switches, multiplexers and electronic switching systems, copper telephone facilities and fiber optics.
This special feature of Careers360 brings you an overview of this specialized domain of Engineering, career opportunities & scope, job profile details and top engineering colleges offering Electronics & Communication Engineering. We also bring you insights on job profiles and top recruiters for Electronics & Communication Engineering.
Electronics & Communication Engineering: An Overview
The Electronics sector in India is expected to be an USD 29 Billion consumer market by 2020. The demand projected by 2015 is USD 94.2 Billion. The industry growth rate between 2011 and 2015 is 9.88%.
As per the above data, you must have realized the huge demand for skilled manpower in this sector. This is what makes the branch one of the most sought after for the engineering aspirants who have cleared the initial rounds of the admission process, such as cracking the engineering entrance exams to be followed by counselling rounds.
What is Electronics & Communication Engineering?
This branch of engineering develops everyday devices such as transistors, integrated circuits and printed circuit boards (PCBs) which can be used in computers, MP3 players, cell phones, television to name a few.
The discipline deals with electronic devices and software interfaces. The applications are far reaching, right from the indoors of the house to industries. The tasks of the Electronics and Communication engineers are to direct, control and test produce processes a well as to ensure safety, installation and functioning of the various mechanisms.
The discipline integrates knowledge based on digital electronics and logic design, fundamentals of communication engineering, electronic circuits, signals and systems, power electronics, applied electromagnetic theory, integrated circuits, VLSI, control systems and computer architecture.
The core courses studied in this branch include the following:
- Electrical circuits and machines
- Signals and systems
- Digital Signal Processing
- Microprocessors and Embedded systems
- Communication systems
- Optical systems
The subfields covered in the Electronics and Communication Engineering include analog electronics, digital electronics, consumer electronics, embedded systems and power electronics.
What do you do as Electronics & Communication Engineer?
You can work in the consumer electronics, aviation and avionics, manufacturing, electricity generation and distribution, communications, transportation, telecommunications, radio and television, computer applications, hospital diagnostic equipment and offshore industries.
This branch is combined with other branches like civil, structural and electrical engineering, One of the basic work that are involved by the engineers include research and development of satellite, design, cable systems, radio waves, mobile phones, internet, etc.
The engineers also work on cross functional engineering branch projects to utilize the facets of electronics and communication engineering. The basic tasks of the ECE engineers include developing new systems, circuits and devices or develop existing technology.
They also work on improving the functionality and technology of communication devices and servers. Setting up networks and equipments and maintain the systems are also among their job profile.
How to pursue Electronics & Communication Engineering?
Aspirants of Mechanical Engineering must have appeared in the 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects. They have to appear for the various Engineering Entrance Exams such as JEE (for IIT, NITs, IIITs, CFTIs and SFTIs), BITSAT (for BITS) and VITEEE (VIT University) to name a few. On the basis of their performance and counselling, the candidates will be allocated the engineering branch.